What do my DEXA results mean?

  • The test compares your bone mineral density (BMD) to that of a "young adult" at peak bone strength and to people of your same age, called "age-matched". The difference between your result and that of a "young adult" is given as a T-score. This information, along with other factors, helps doctors in making a diagnosis. The following T-scores define the amount of bone loss:
    • Normal: T-score above -1
    • Osteopenic (low bone density): T-score between -1 and -2.5
    • Osteoporosis: T-score below -2.5
  • Your test results combined with other factors give you and your doctor an overall risk of fracture. Knowing your risk of a fracture is important because there are many ways to prevent osteoporosis and to reduce fracture risks. After reviewing your DEXA Scan results your doctor may suggest a number of steps important in building bone strength. Suggestions may include exercise, changes in diet, hormone therapy, or other medicines known to improve bone strength.